Summary. In 2004, eight luminous orbs, arranged as an Archimedes spiral, were photographed over Long Island in the USA. In 2009, a luminous cloud of smaller particles, also arranged as an Archimedes spiral, was photographed over Norway. Further, a pattern similar to the Long Island spiral was created by the EISCAT facility in Norway, as reported in the scientific literature. These sightings and reports support the proposition that a single obscure technology is being used to create many of the luminous unidentified objects that have been reported. Occasionally these objects are arranged in the form of an Archimedes spiral.
On December 9, 2009, Norwegians were treated to an unusual aerial display. One of the photos of the scene is presented in Figure 1. Dubbed the Norway Spiral, it is widely thought to have been caused by a failed Russian rocket test. The pattern is considered by many people to be the result of a spinning, out-of-control rocket ejecting fuel particles into the upper atmosphere. Belated admission by Russian authorities that such a failure had occurred seemed to confirm this interpretation.
|Figure 1. A view of the Norway Spiral|
However, although there may have been a failed rocket test, there is reason to doubt that it caused the spiral pattern. Calculations by Aresh Amini show that physical constraints make it highly unlikely that the pattern was generated in this way. Reasonable estimates of the spiral's location gave a lower limit for the speed of the presumed ejected particles. At a minimum, the particles would have been traveling at a velocity of 316.58 m/s. This is approximately the speed of sound in air, and Amini contends that particles ejected from an out-of-control rocket are unlikely to have achieved this velocity.
Amini's paper concludes with "The data available thus far does not support the hypothesis that the spirals were caused by a malfunctioning missile's exhaust. The �ripples� in question are traveling extremely fast and are too geometrically perfect to be smoke. Also, the white �smoke exhaust� indicates a highly improbable re-entry trajectory and the angular frequency of the object does not change nor increase sufficiently above 1Hz. Whereas if a missile were to be under a constant angular force while re-entry, it would presumably rotate much faster than once every second. Finally, the lack of pressure waves or any other sound (a.k.a. �sonic booms�) and sightings outside of northern Norway and Finland further corrode the possibility that the spirals were caused by a broken missile re-entering the atmosphere."
What else could have caused such a perfect spiral to appear in the sky? David Wilcock has made a case that the spiral was intentionally displayed by "insider factions" pushing an agenda leading to official UFO/ET disclosure. According to his analysis, this was accomplished using the Norwegian EISCAT antenna array located near the estimated position of the spiral display. It is funded and operated by the research councils of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Japan, China, the United Kingdom and Germany. EISCAT, like HAARP in Alaska, was designed to stimulate electrons in the upper atmosphere for research purposes, but rumors abound that these antenna farms have military applications as well. There appears to be evidence that an experiment at EISCAT was in progress at the time when the spiral appeared. Hoagland agrees that the antenna array is well placed to create the spiral, and suggests that "torsion weapons technology" was likely used in its creation. He notes that the Russian authorities, in a "very carefully worded Defense Ministry admission", did not confirm that the spiral was the result of the failed launch.
Wilcock mentions an India newspaper article citing Todd Pedersen, a research physicist at the US Air Force Research Laboratory in Massachusetts and the leader of a team of experimenters at HAARP. Pedersen claimed that, in 2008, HAARP was used to "induce a strange bull's-eye pattern in the night sky. Instead of the expected fuzzy, doughnut-shaped blob, surprising irregular luminescent bands radiated out from the centre of the bull's-eye". The team believed that "the areas of the bull's-eye with strange light patterns were in regions of denser, partially ionized gas in the atmosphere, as measured by ground-based high-frequency radar used to track the ionosphere. The scientists believe that these dense patches of plasma could be gas that was ionized by the HAARP emissions." The HAARP bulls eye was also described in a brief Physics Today note. Wilcock notes that the HAARP array operated at 3.6 megawatts. Perhaps the perfect Norway spiral could be attributed to the much higher one gigawatt power used by the EISCAT array.
Amini found that the �ripples� of the spiral were traveling extremely fast and suggests that they are too geometrically perfect to be smoke from burning solid-state fuel. The perfection of the pattern is indeed remarkable and is considered highly unusual by other commentators. The left side of Figure 2 shows a slightly enlarged image of the spiral cropped from the photo in Figure 1. On the right, the image is overlaid with an Archimedes spiral. The perfect fit indicates that the Norway spiral was created with mathematical precision.
|Figure 2. The Norway Spiral with an Archimedes Spiral overlay|
So at this point there is still disagreement about the cause of the Norway Spiral. Although many people accept that it was created by an out-of-control Russian rocket, others doubt this explanation. Are there any other cases where mysterious spiral patterns have appeared in the sky? In fact, one was photographed over Long Island in 2004 but the relationship to the Archimedes spiral was not recognized. This case is briefly described in the following section.
As reported by Linda Moulton Howe, a woman in Long Island, New York, was in the habit of taking photographs of the sunrise through welder's glass in the hope of capturing Planet X heading into our solar system. On April 23, 2004, around 7:30 a.m., the sun was behind a cloud, and she took about 25 photos over a couple of minutes with a digital camera set to maximum zoom. Two of these photos "had a spiral of six lights right in front of the cloud-covered sun and a seventh, dimmer light, to the left". The photos containing no anomalies were deleted. Figure 3 shows one of the anomalous photos. Notice also a smaller speck of light farther away to the right of the group of six.
|Figure 3. The Long Island Spiral (2004)|
The six main objects were observed to be organized in a spiral pattern. Not so obvious is that the positions of the two outlier lights also conform to the same organizing principle. Figure 4 shows that an Archimedes spiral can be overlaid so that all the illuminated dots fall very close to the spiral pattern. The faint dot to the right would lie on the spiral pattern if it were extended by two more loops. This can be ascertained by measuring its distance from the outermost loop.
|Figure 4. The Long Island Spiral with an Archimedes Spiral overlay|
Is it possible that optical atmospheric effects organized in the form of an Archimedes spiral can be created by directed energy using a technology like the EISCAT antenna array? A report by Kosch et al. (2004) shows graphically that such a pattern was indeed created by the EISCAT facility. (Also, see a preprint of the paper and slides of a presentation.) The left side of Figure 5 reproduces the relevant figure in the report, and the right side shows the same image with an Archimedes spiral overlay. Like the Long Island spiral, the pattern is composed of discrete blobs that are all aligned with the overlaid spiral.
|Figure 5. Artificial auroral structure (Kosch et al., 2004) with an Archimedes Spiral overlay|
The prevailing consensus is that the Norway spiral was created by an out-of-control rocket, although there is reason to doubt that explanation. For example, another analysis by the author suggests that there may have been two spirals over Norway. A spiral captured on video had a spinning center consistent with the out-of-control rocket explanation. However, a number of still photos of the spiral showed the same phase at the center. The fixed phase would be highly unlikely if an object at the center were spinning and the pictures were taken at different times. Therefore, we may infer that the spiral in the still photographs was not rotating, and the spiral captured on video was likely a different spiral.
The Long Island and EISCAT spirals were quite similar while the Norway spiral was qualitatively different. Nevertheless, the law of parsimony suggests that we should look for a common cause. The image in Figure 5 shows that atmospheric effects arranged in an Archimedes spiral pattern can be created using the existing EISCAT facility. Because it is so similar, the Long Island spiral was probably created in the same way. We should consider the possibility that the non-rotating Norway spiral was created using similar technology.
There have been many sightings during recent years of luminous orbs flying through the sky alone or in groups. These are comparable to the orbs seen in the Long Island spiral, and perhaps all were created using the same obscure technology. Further, given the appearance of the Archimedes spiral in the EISCAT, Long Island, and Norway displays, perhaps the observed spiral patterns were also created using the same technology. This chain of reasoning suggests that a single technology is being used to create orbs or smaller luminous particles in the sky, sometimes in spiral patterns.
Kosch, M. J., M. T. Rietveld, A. Senior, I. W. McCrea, A. J. Kavanagh, B. Isham, and F. Honary (2004), Novel artificial optical annular structures in the high latitude ionosphere over EISCAT, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L12805.
Lewyser, T. B. Examples of radar imaging needs in HF-pumped plasma turbulence research, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, Sweden.