A new perspective on the Mayan calendar end date controversy

William C. Treurniet, March, 2007

Summary. A previous study found a relationship between the number of earthquakes in the lower mantle and the structure of the Mayan calendar. As predicted by a model proposed by Calleman (2004), the number of earthquakes alternated in successive 360-day periods corresponding to the Days and Nights of the Galactic Underworld. The present study investigated the strength of this alternating pattern beginning in 1973. The data show that the pattern weakly appeared in 1991, but faded away only to reappear in 1996. It increased in strength from 1996 up to the present. These observations indicate that the pulses of the universal consciousness field proposed by the model were felt perhaps three years before the onset of the Galactic Underworld. The magnitude increased with each successive Underworld Day, and the trend suggests that it will continue to increase in the future.

As described in Carl Johan Calleman's book, "The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness", the Mayan calendar consists of nine embedded cycles, or Underworlds, all ending on the same date. A cycle is subdivided into 13 equal intervals, each ruled by a particular deity representing certain principles. Calleman sees opposing characteristics or yin/yang traits in successive pairs of intervals in a cycle, and describes an Underworld as a sequence of six Day/Night pairs plus a final Day. We are currently in the Galactic Underworld spanning the interval from January 5, 1999 to October 28, 2011. An earlier report found a relationship betweeen the Day/Night structure of the Galactic Underworld and earthquake activity in the lower mantle next to the earth's core.

Each Day or Night of the cycle has a duration of 360 of our 24 hour days. Earthquakes in the lower mantle were counted for each of the Days and Nights up to the present, and the counts were observed to vary as a function of the Day/Night structure. A wrinkle was thrown into the study by a controversy regarding the actual end date of the calendar. Calleman maintains that the end date is October 28, 2011, while the more conventional view is that the end date is December 21, 2012. A change in the end date obviously alters the time span occupied by the fixed length Galactic Underworld. Therefore, the earthquake counts were obtained for the Day/Night intervals corresponding to both end dates of 2011 and 2012.

  Figure 1 shows the relationships discovered in the previous study. For the 2011 end date, almost all of the Night counts are higher than the Day counts, while the converse is true for the 2012 end date. The phase shift in the counts over Days is obviously a result of the 420-day difference in the end dates. The observed oscillations over Days and Nights were taken to be consistent with predictions made by a physical model proposed by Calleman.
Figure 1 

Although the observed patterns were consistent with the model, the disagreement over the calendar end dates resulted in an ambiguous conclusion. It is possible that a better understanding of the overall structure of the earthquake data might help in our interpretation of the results. The purpose of this study is to create such a wider context. To begin, a visual representation of the actual distribution of lower mantle earthquakes was created. Figure 2 shows a histogram of quake frequency from 1973 to the present, and Figure 3 shows the same data smoothed with an exponential filter (coefficient= .001) and a moving average filter using a triangular kernel with a width of 300 days.

 
Figure 2 


 
Figure 3 


The figures clearly show an increase in the frequency of earthquakes over time. Further, there appears to be a step-wise increment at around the 4200 day point and again, at around 8800 days. These may represent actual increases in earthquake frequency, but might also be an artifact if more sensitive detection technologies were introduced around these times.

Figure 4 shows the data of Figure 2 smoothed with a sliding rectangular window with a width equal to the Galactic Underworld Day; that is, 360 of our days. Selections from this data were used to create Figure 1. Thus, this is the wider context that we want to examine.

 
Figure 4 


The periodicity of the earthquake count shown in Figure 4 was measured using a Hann window and a Fourier transform on 4096 data points. Data was extracted starting at points 4230 and 8334, and the resulting power spectra are shown in Figure 5. The figure shows a relatively large spectral component in the second interval at 745 days/cycle, while the first interval has a much weaker and broader peak component. The 745 days/cycle corresponds well to the alternating pattern of Figure 1 where each point is the number of quakes in successive 360-day intervals. The latter is close to half a cycle at the peak frequency.

 
Figure 5 


In the previous study, Figure 1 was created by conceptually placing a single measurement window over the data of Figure 4 at the start of the first Day of the Galactic Underworld. The window was subdivided into seven (2012) or eight (2011) adjacent 360-day segments depending on the available Days and Nights. The counts corresponding to each segment were used to create the lines in the graph. It is of interest to see whether or not the oscillating patterns of Figure 1 are unusual. This was determined using a spectrum measurement obtained with a Hann window and an 8-point Fourier transform. The strength of the alternating pattern is proportional to the power of the highest frequency component of the spectrum. Figure 6 shows how the magnitude of this component varies as the start of the measurement window is positioned over successive days in Figure 4.

 
Figure 6 


The graph of Figure 6 is specifically designed to show the occurrance of the oscillating pattern seen in Figure 1. The pattern appears if the earthquakes are appropriately distributed in time according to a chosen segment width of around 360 days. The larger the value on the graph, the greater the amplitude of the pattern at that point in time. Clearly, the pattern is a relatively recent phenomenon. There is a tendency for the pattern to appear between days 7000 to 9000, but the most interesting events begin to occur after about the 9000th day. The successive sharp peaks indicate that the pattern is periodic, and the consistent growth in amplitude says that the pattern is becoming more pronounced as old data from Figure 4 is moved out of the measurement window on the left and new data enters on the right. Figure 7 shows the oscillatory patterns corresponding to the two right-most peaks of Figure 6.

 
Figure 7 


The legend of Figure 7 shows the start dates of the patterns as January 18, 1999 and January 28, 2000. If these are used as start dates for the Galactic Underworld, the calculated end dates are November 10, 2011, and November 19, 2012, respectively. These dates are not very different from the disputed end dates of October 28, 2011, and December 21, 2012. It is not surprising, then, that Figure 7 appears similar to Figure 1 which is based on the disputed end dates. Figure 6 suggests that the two patterns are part of a larger sequence of patterns that appears to be growing in amplitude with each successive Underworld Day or Night.

On the basis of this physical evidence, it is reasonable to consider the possibility that both end dates are meaningful. Both were approximately derived using earthquake data that point to the existence of a single underlying wave-like process. The disputed end dates may both be in the Mayan record because the record may be more about the single underlying event than about the elements of which it is composed.

The results of Figure 6 were obtained using a 360-day window segment, but they are not affected much if the width is changed to 365 days. Therefore, alternative interpretations based on the solar year are not excluded.


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