Summary. An earlier investigation by the author (Treurniet, 2011) found that the number and depth of earthquakes nearest the earth's core varied according to intervals of a Mayan calendar model presented by Calleman (2004). The model proposes that a creative energy field is emitted by a generator having a fractal structure, and the emanations resonate at multiple levels of scale. The relationship between the model and the earthquake data inspired the hypotheses (1) that the creative energy field reduces the variance of random physical processes, and (2) that disparate physical processes having a random element are correlated when data is sampled according to periods defined by the calendar model. These hypotheses were tested by comparing the earthquake data with random event generator data from the Global Consciousness Project network. The first hypothesis was partially supported in both data sets in that the predicted effect was present in approximately the first half of the 12 calendar intervals examined. The second hypthesis was supported by a statistically significant correlation between earthquake magnitudes and the variance of the random event generator data. The pattern of results suggests that the model�s creative energy field is no longer pulsed, but is now continuously switched on.
In a model of the Mayan calendar proposed by Calleman (2001, 2004), the calendar consists of nine embedded cycles or Underworlds, all ending on October 28, 2011. An Underworld is divided into 13 equal intervals called Heavens, each ruled by a particular deity representing certain principles. Calleman sees opposing characteristics in the deities from successive pairs of Heavens in an Underworld, and so describes the 13 Heavens as a sequence of six Day/Night pairs plus a final Day. Each Underworld is embedded in the last Day of the preceding Underworld, so successive Underworlds decrease exponentially in duration.
The model also proposes that the World Tree, a central creative principle in the Mayan tradition, is an oscillator that emits periodic impulses of a creative energy field more fundamental than electromagnetism (Calleman, 2001, p. 101; 2004, p. 50). The emanations from the World Tree have influenced the evolution of both physical reality and human consciousness. The World Tree has a fractal structure, so it resonates at all levels of scale ranging from the center of the universe to the atom (Calleman, 2009).
On the basis of historical and pre-historical data, the model proposes that an impulse of creative energy is produced by the World Tree during the Days of an Underworld to promote bursts of change. During each Night when the pulse of creative energy is absent, the affected physical, biological and social systems adjust in order to accommodate the changes initiated during the previous Day.
The current period that Calleman calls the Galactic Underworld extends from January 5, 1999 to October 28, 2011. It's 13 Heavens each have a duration of 360 solar days. Table 1 shows the start and end dates of each Day and Night of this Underworld.
|Start Date||End Date|
Calleman (2004) also suggests a physical model of the calendar in which the creative energy field resonates with the iron core of the earth. This idea led to the prediction in Treurniet (2011) that deep earthquake activity should be affected as the field pulses on and off during the sequence of Days and Nights. This prediction was confirmed by the discovery that deepest earthquake depths increased and decreased in step with the Days and Nights. A graph of the mean earthquake depths taken from the earlier report is reproduced in Figure 1. The figure shows the expected oscillating behavior up to the end of the fourth Night. From the fourth to the sixth Night, the earthquake depths follow an almost linear decline irrespective of Day or Night. In terms of the model, this behaviour suggests that the creative energy field became continuous rather than pulsed after the fourth Night.
|Figure 1. Mean depth of 10 deepest earthquakes in each Day and Night interval.
Bars indicate +- the standard error.
Calleman asserts that history tends to repeat itself in successively shorter cycles according to the Underworld structure of the Mayan calendar. The observed relationship between the calendar intervals and the deepest earthquake depths supports the idea that the evolution of our world has been biased by an influence whose time course is captured in the structure of the calendar. Calleman calls this influence a creative energy field in that it seems to promote intelligent or constructive behavior. Treurniet (2011) proposed the hypothesis that the creative energy field has its effect by reducing the variance of random physical processes everywhere. This would account for its effect on the mean depth of the deepest earthquakes. If the effect is truly global in scope, the variance of any appropriately sampled physical process having a random element should be similarly affected. This is a testable hypothesis.
A database of information with suitable properties exists as part of the Global Consciousness Project (GCP). The GCP records and stores the behavior of a network of globally distributed random event generators called EGGs (ElectroGaiaGrams). Each EGG creates a stream of random bits every second by sampling "quantum-indeterminate electronic noise". The bit stream is sent to a centralized database by the computer hosting each EGG. The project evaluates the likelihood that the EGGs respond to events that are meaningful to humans such as destructive earthquakes or terrorist attacks. The evidence shows that the EGGs do respond to such events with odds against chance greater than a million to one (e.g., Bancel and Nelson, 2008).
By analyzing the existing database of EGG data, we can examine whether or not the EGGs also behave differently during the Days and Nights of Calleman�s Mayan calendar model. If the creative energy field reduces the variance of random physical processes, the variance of EGG data should be lower during the Days of the Underworld than during the Nights. Furthermore, if the same influence affects both EGG behavior and earthquake activity, the respective data sets should be positively correlated.
Although Figure 1 shows the predicted fluctuations in the depths of the deepest earthquakes, it can be argued that these were a secondary effect of the creative energy field. That is, the shallower depths during the Days would be the result of extremely reduced magnitudes nearest the earth�s core to the point where they were below the chosen threshold. It follows that the primary effect of the field is on the magnitudes of the deepest earthquakes. These magnitudes should be directly affected by geophysical microprocesses having a random element. Figure 2, also taken from Treurniet (2011), shows the measured earthquake magnitudes over successive Days and Nights.
|Figure 2. Mean magnitude of 10 deepest earthquakes in each Day and Night interval.
Bars indicate +- the standard error.
As mentioned earlier, the creative energy field generator is thought to have a fractal structure so that the field resonates at all levels of scale in the universe. The core of the earth would be one such resonator, and that is why an effect on deep earthquakes was predicted. The EGG and structures deep in the earth are obviously at different levels of scale. However, Calleman (2009) includes the atom as another resonator for the creative energy field, so the quantum process of the random event generator in the EGG should be affected at that level. If so, EGG variances during the Galactic Underworld should parallel the changes in the deepest earthquake magnitudes during the same period.
Measurements of EGG variances during the Day and Night periods specified in Table 1 were obtained to test the prediction outlined above. For practical reasons, analysis of the full 360 solar day durations for each Day and Night was not possible, so a random sampling procedure was employed. A starting point during a Day or Night interval was randomly selected, and the variance for each individual EGG over the following nine-hour period was calculated. A single data point for this period was obtained by calculating the mean of these individual EGG variances. The experiment consisted of collecting 200 time samples for each Day and Night.
In summary, the methodology involved the following steps.
Figure 3 shows the mean EGG variances for alternating Days and Nights, as well as the standard errors of the means. Each mean is based on 200 measured values, where each value was the mean of the variances of the EGGs available in a given sampling interval. The figure shows that EGG variance for the initial two Days was lower than for the adjacent Nights. After Night 2, however, the mean variances were consistently higher for the Days than for the adjacent Nights, although the differences were small. Note that the change in the sign of the Day/Night differences also occurred after Day 3 in the earthquake data of Figure 2.
|Figure 3. Mean EGG variance for each Day and Night interval.
Bars indicate +- the standard error.
The prediction of differences over all 12 Day/Night intervals was only partially upheld for both data sets. But were the overall patterns similar as predicted? To answer this question, the earthquake and EGG data were first processed independently to minimize the effect of any slow drifts in the data due to possible unrelated influences. This can be done by expressing the data in terms of differences between Heavens. Two methods for doing so are proposed.
Method 1 was prompted by the prediction that variance will be higher in the Night than in the preceding Day. The increased variance in the Night was thought to facilitate accommodation of any novel constructs developed during the previous Day. Therefore, the model suggests that any slow drifts in the data be removed by subtracting the mean for each Day from the mean for the immediately following Night. This reduces the number of data points from twelve to six. Figure 4 shows the differences for successive Day/Night pairs for the earthquake magnitudes and for the EGG variances.
|Figure 4. Method 1 - Differences between each Night and the preceding Day.|
Method 2 is more generally applicable to any time-varying data set in that it implements a kind of high-pass filter. In particular, the mean for each Heaven was subtracted from the mean for the immediately following Heaven. The changes between successive Heavens are kept while slower drifts in the data are filtered out. This process reduces the number of data points from twelve to eleven. Figure 5 shows the results of processing the earthquake magnitude and EGG variance data with this filter.
|Figure 5. Method 2 - Differences between successive Heavens.|
Then, a correlation coefficient was calculated between the earthquake and EGG data sets shown in each of Figures 4 and 5. The correlations are shown in Figures 6 and 7, respectively.
|Figure 6. Correlation of data filtered using Method 1 (r= 0.86, p < .025).|
|Figure 7. Correlation of data filtered using Method 2 (r= 0.70, p < .05).|
The correlation between the two data sets following the application of Method 1 is 0.862, and a one-tailed t-test (Hays, 1963) showed that this was statistically significant (t= 3.4052, df=4, p < .025). The one-tailed test is appropriate since only a positive correlation was predicted. The correlation following Method 2 is 0.70 and this is also statistically significant (t= 2.0946, df= 9, p < .05).
The hypothesis proposed that the presence of the creative energy field reduces the variance of random physical processes. According to the model, this effect should occur only during the Days. Figure 3 shows that the prediction regarding EGG variance was confirmed only for the first two Days and Nights of the Underworld. For the remaining time, the mean variances alternated over successive Days and Nights, but the differences were small and consistently opposite to the predicted direction. A similar pattern was observed for the earthquake magnitude data, although magnitudes tended to increase near the end of this pattern. These increasing magnitudes were attributed to a decreasing effect of the field as the deepest earthquakes rose to a greater distance from the core (Treurniet, 2011). In any case, the predicted periodic influence seen in the data from the initial part of the Underworld was not sustained.
Although the patterns for both data sets were not periodic over the entire Underworld as expected, the deviations from the predicted pattern were similar. After the data were filtered to remove slowly varying uncorrelated noise, a significant correlation was found between the two sets of data. This means that either variable may be used to predict the other with some degree of confidence. Also, since the EGGs and geophysical phenomena deep in the earth cannot impact each other directly, the correlation implies that both are affected by something else. According to Calleman's model, this �something else� is the creative energy field emitted by the fractal World Tree oscillator at all levels of scale.
The change to an almost linear trend found in both data sets in the latter half of the Underworld suggests that the creative energy field is no longer pulsing but is now permanently switched on. According to the model, this implies that there are now fewer obstacles to the expression of creativity at all levels of scale.
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Treurniet, W. C. Correlation of seismic activity with the Mayan calendar, 2011.
Hays, W. L. Statistics for Psychologists. New York: Holt, Rhinehart and Winston. 1963.